By DON McINTOSH, Associate Editor
Under the leadership of members appointed by President George
W. Bush, a federal board that is supposed to uphold union rights
in the workplace has been working steadily to weaken those rights.
In ruling after ruling, a three-person majority on the five-member
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has taken away workers right
to unionize and made it easier for employers to fight unionization.
To top it off, the NLRB is refusing to negotiate a new contract
with a union that represents its own employees.
In mid-November, the AFL-CIO and Change to Win federation held
protests at NLRB offices in at least 16 cities, including Portland.
And union leaders are counting down to the day when a Democratic
president could reverse the balance on the Board.
The NLRB has two parts. The five-member Board functions like a
Supreme Court of labor law. The Office of the General Counsel investigates
and prosecutes “unfair labor practices” and conducts
elections to determine whether workers want a union. Together, they
are supposed to enforce and interpret the National Labor Relations
Act — the law that sets the process for private-sector workers
to unionize and bargain with their employers. But both sides are
right now led by Bush appointees who appear intent on interpreting
the law in ways that make things harder for unions.
The current Board has stripped millions of workers of the right
to unionize, including graduate teaching and research assistants,
temporary agency workers, and workers such as charge nurses who
act as supervisors even in a very limited way.
Then in September, the Board struck back at the “card check”
method of unionization, which unions have increasingly used in recent
years as a legal alternative to what they see as a cumbersome and
unbalanced NLRB election process. In card check, unions ask employers
to voluntarily recognize a union for a group of workers when the
union presents authorization cards signed by the majority. Now,
for the first time since 1935, the Board is saying that such employers
have to notify workers that they can reverse that voluntary recognition
if union opponents gather signatures of 30 percent of workers within
45 days. Then the issue would be resolved in an election conducted
by the NLRB.
On the same day, the Board ruled that employers can remove recognition
of a union without an election if a majority of workers sign a petition
calling for decertification.
Another ruling is aimed at union “salts,” pro-union
workers who seek employment at a workplace in order to further a
union campaign. The Board ruled that employers who refuse to hire
workers because of union affiliation can’t be found in violation
of the law unless the general counsel proves that the applicant
had a “genuine interest in employment.”
Meanwhile, the other side of the NLRB, the Office of the General
Counsel, is refusing to negotiate a contract with an independent
union that represents about 850 of the NLRB’s 1,875 employees
— the National Labor Relations Board Union (NLRBU). Federal
employees have their own set of rules for unionization, and the
process is overseen by the Federal Labor Relations Authority (FLRA).
On Nov. 12, a federal administrative law judge with the FLRA ruled
that the NLRB broke the law when it refused to bargain with the
union in the officially certified bargaining unit. The NLRB is expected
to appeal the decision.
The dispute began in 2005 when the union moved to consolidate
four separate groups of NLRB employees into one national bargaining
unit. The new unit would include both professional and nonprofessional
employees in the agency’s 32 regional offices, plus nonprofessional
employees of the general counsel and Board in Washington, D.C. [A
second union represents attorneys and professional staff in the
Board’s D.C. headquarters.] NLRB management disagreed with
the consolidation, but the FLRA sided with the union, and workers
approved the consolidation in a vote. Then the NLRB, under the direction
of general counsel Ronald Meisburg, simply refused to bargain a
new contract. The union is calling for Meisburg to resign.
Meisburg was a “recess” appointment (a presidential
appointment when the Senate was in recess) of President Bush in
January of 2006. The Senate confirmed his appointment in August
“If the NLRB won’t honor the law in the public sector,”
said NLRBU President Eric Brooks, “can those who work for
private-sector companies under the NLRB’s jurisdiction count
on the NLRB to uphold the law and protect their rights?”
The AFL-CIO, in its mid-November demonstrations, called on the
NLRB to close for renovation until the Board is more balanced.
In a sense, that could actually happen, if Senate Democratic leaders
lend a hand. The AFL-CIO is asking Senate leaders to refuse to confirm
Bush appointees to the Board, said AFL-CIO Organizing Director Stewart
The five-year term of Republican NLRB board chair Robert Battista
is set to expire Dec. 16. Two other seats on the Board could also
become vacant, because they were recess appointments. Recess appointments
expire when the Senate adjourns, which it will do in late December.
The president is not allowed to make a recess appointment twice
for the same individual. So Republican Peter Kirsanow and Democrat
Dennis Walsh would be off the Board come the new year if the Senate
does not confirm their appointments.
That would potentially leave just two Board members, a Democrat
and a Republican, and the Board would be deadlocked, unable to issue